IAR EWARM

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IAR's EWARM is a J-Link compatible 3rd party IDE that supports most J-Link features out-of-the-box. We recommend to always install the latest J-Link software and documentation pack to make sure that EWARM uses the latest J-Link DLL.

Using J-Link with an existing project

In the following, it is explained how to configure a project to be used with J-Link.

Specifying the target device

  1. Open the project to configure
  2. Open the project settings (ALT + F7)
  3. Go to General Options --> Target
  4. Make sure that the proper device is selected
    IAR Device Marked.png


If the target device used is not listed in EWARM, either a IAR device description file (.ddf) or the IDE independent way can be used. For further information regarding .ddf files, please refer to the IAR documentation.

  1. Go to Debugger --> Setup and select J-Link/J-Trace in the Driver drop-down menu
    IAR Debugger Marked.png
  1. Go to J-Link/J-Trace --> Setup
  2. Configure a proper target interface speed (fixed 4000 kHz is suitable for most targets and leads to good performance)
    IAR Interface Speed.png
  1. Switch to the Connection tab
  2. Select the appropriate target interface in the Interface box
    IAR Interface Type.png

Using the J-Link Flash loader

  1. Open the project settings (ALT + F7)
  2. Make sure appropriate target device is specified (Specifying the target device)
  3. Select Debugger in the list on the left site
  4. Select the tab Download
  5. Uncheck Use flash loader(s)
    IAR FlashLoader Marked.png

Using J-Link script files

IAR EWARM does not provide any native support for J-Link script files so usage of them cannot be configured from within the GUI of the IDE itself.
Anyhow, it is possible to use a J-Link script file by making use of the auto-search feature of the DLL:

  1. Copy the J-Link script file to folder where the J-Link settings file is located (see section "J-Link settings file" below)
  2. Rename the J-Link script to <ProjectName>_<DebugConfig>.JLinkScript. In the sample below, Start_STM32F103_MB672_Debug.JLinkScript would be correct.

J-Link settings file
Settings file with default settings is created on first start of a debug session. There is one settings file per build configuration for the project. Naming is:

<ProjectName>_<DebugConfig>.jlink

The settings file is created in a "settings" subdirectory where the project file is located.
IAR SettingsFile NoPath Marked.png

RDI

NOTE: Since IAR EWARM V5.30 J-Link is fully and natively supported by EWARM, so RDI is no longer needed.

In order to use J-Link RDI, the debug driver needs to be changed.

  1. Open the project settings (ALT + F7)
  2. Select Debugger in the list on the left site
  3. Select "RDI" in the Driver drop-down menu
  4. Select RDI in the list on the left site
  5. Select the tab RDI
  6. Select the manufacturer driver by navigating to the J-Link software installation directory, and select JLinkRDI.dll, then click OK
  7. Now an extra menu, RDI, has been added to the menu bar.
    IAR Toolbar RDI BeforeAfter.png
  8. Choose Configure in the RDI menu to configure J-Link RDI. For more information about the setup of J-Link RDI, please refer to UM08001.


Debugging on Cortex-M devices

The RDI protocol has only been specified by ARM for ARM 7/9 cores. For Cortex-M there is no official extension of the RDI protocol regarding the register assignement, that has been approved by ARM. Since IAR EWARM version 5.11 it is possible to use J-Link RDI for Cortex-M devices because SEGGER and IAR have come to an agreement regarding the RDI register assignment for Cortex-M. The following table lists the register assignment for RDI and Cortex-M:

Register Index Assigned register
0 R0
1 R1
2 R2
3 R3
4 R4
5 R5
6 R6
7 R7
8 R8
9 R9
10 R10
11 R11
12 R12
13 MSP / PSP (depending on mode)
14 R14 (LR)
16 R15 (PC)
17 XPSR
18 APSR
19 IPSR
20 EPSR
21 IAPSR
22 EAPSR
23 IEPSR
24 PRIMASK
25 FAULTMASK
26 BASEPRI
27 BASEPRI_MAX
28 CFBP (CONTROL/FAULT/BASEPRI/PRIMASK)

SWO

Enabling stdout redirection to SWO

It is possible to configure the IAR EWARM compiler so that stdout is redirected to SWO.
IAR SWO stdout Marked.png

Connecting to a specific J-Link

If multiple J-Links are connected to the host PC and/or a J-Link connection via TCP/IP shall be used, either the IDE independent way can be used, or the S/N or IP of the respective J-Link can be specified in the IAR EWARM project settings.
In order to explicitly specify the J-Link to use,

  1. Open the project settings (ALT + F7)
  2. Select J-Link/J-Trace in the list on the left site
  3. Select the tab Connection
  4. For USB:
    1. Select USB
    2. Select "Serial number" in the drop-down menu
    3. Enter the S/N in the field labeled Serial no:
  5. For IP:
    1. Select TCP/IP
    2. Select "IP address" in the drop-down menu
    3. Enter the IP address in the field labeled IP address:
      IAR USB SN Marked.png

Editing How to configure SWO for EWARM V8

With EWARM release version 8 some default project settings for SWO configuration with J-Link got changed and thus manual correction by the user is currently necessary. The following article will show a step by step guide how to set up SWO in an EWARM project and common troubleshooting tips to solve any issues a user might run into.


Setup Guide

  • Open up an EWARMv8 project and make sure the correct target device is selected (in case of the emPower board it is the NXP MK66FN2M0xxx18).
Select target device
  • Next change the project settings to use SWO instead of Semihosting (If SWO is greyed out, go to J-Link/J-Trace -> Interface and select SWD as interface).
Select SWO
  • Make sure J-Link/J-Trace is selected as debug hardware.
Select J-Link as debug hardware
  • Enter CPU clock speed value in the EWARM project settings and set SWO clock to "Auto". CPU clock speed represents the speed at the point where the target system has been fully initialized (PLLs are running and clock source has been switched to PLL etc.)
Set CPU clock
  • Now start the debug session and open the Terminal I/O window under View-> Terminal I/O, the printf output will now be displayed in that window.
Terminal Output

A basic EWARMv8 project for the emPower board with all settings applied can be found here: SEGGER_emPower_SWO_EWARMv8.zip

Troubleshooting

  • The Terminal I/O windows is still not showing any information even after following the setup guide step by step.
    • Make sure the SWO pin is actually connected to your J-Link debug hardware, many J-Link OBs for example do not have SWO routed to them.
    • Check if the selected target device is correct.
    • Create a testloop in your application where repeatedly prinf is called and see if that message is displayed in the J-Link SWO Viewer, if this is the case then the EWARM project settings are still incorrect.
  • I want SWO to output PC and timestamps.
    • To do so you need a running debug session, now go to J-Link->SWO Trace, press the "On" button in the now open window, then go to J-Link->SWO Trace Window Settings... and select all advance SWO features you want to monitor in the SWO Trace window.
Select advanced SWO features
  • I am getting OVERFLOW packages, what should i do?
    • When outputting large amounts of SWO trace data the SWO clock must be increased as well so the target device is able to output all generated SWO data. In addition to this a capable debug probe is needed. A J-Link model overview can be found here: J-Link Model Overview. For the best SWO trace experience we recommend a J-Link ULTRA+ or higher.
  • I want to use SWO and JTAG simultaniously, how can i do that?
    • This is not possible as the TDO (JTAG) signal is sharing the same pin as SWO. To be able to use SWO a SWD debug connection is required.
  • I can't start a debug session
    • Is the target device powered properly? You can open the J-Link Commander to see what voltage is currently showing as VTREF in the console output. Is that value expected?
    • Try to use the J-Link flash loader to program the target device instead. To do that simply uncheck the following option in project settings.
Select J-Link flash loader

If there are still issues persisting feel free to contact our support: support@segger.com