Using embOS in CMSIS-Pack projects
embOS for Cortex-M complies to the Common Microcontroller Software Interface Standard (CMSIS). In addition, SEGGER offers an embOS CMSIS-Pack that allows users to generate and configure embOS projects for virtually all Cortex-M devices and various IDEs. This article provides further information on its usage.
ARM introduced the Common Microcontroller Software Interface Standard (CMSIS) as a vendor-independent abstraction layer for simplifying software (re-)usage. The standard enables consistent and simple software interfaces e.g. to the processor and peripherals, real-time operating systems and other middleware.
Since SEGGER is one of the CMSIS partners, embOS for Cortex-M is fully CMSIS-compliant and comes with a generic CMSIS start project that can be executed on any Cortex-M device. Further start projects for specific Cortex-M devices get shipped with embOS for Cortex-M as well (e.g. more than 170 start projects are provided with embOS for Cortex-M and Embedded Studio) and are also fully CMSIS-compliant.
With the introduction of the embOS CMSIS-Pack, CMSIS-compliant embOS projects may be created with ease for arbitrary Cortex-M devices using various IDEs.
The embOS CMSIS-Pack is part of the embOS expansion for STM32CubeMX, but may also be used independently of STM32CubeMX (e.g. in IAR Embedded Workbench as well as arm Keil µVision).
This expansion may be obtained from SEGGER.com.
After download, the *.pack-file may be accessed or extracted like a *.zip-file and contains the following files and folders:
|File / Folder||Description|
|Middlewares\||Contains the embOS documentation, pre-build libraries, include files and target source files for use with GNU, IAR and Keil toolchains|
|Projects\||Contains a pre-generated STM32CubeMX example project for the STM3240G-Eval board each for IAR Embedded Workbench, arm Keil µVision, and STM32CubeIDE|
|STM32CubeMX\||Contains additional source code templates for code generation using STM32CubeMX|
|License.txt||The license agreement under which this software pack is provided|
|ReadMe.txt||Trouble-shooting guide for this software pack (includes information on linker symbols used by embOS which may need to be added manually)|
|SEGGER.I-CUBE-embOS.pdsc||The Pack description file for this software pack|
The embOS expansion for STM32CubeMX may be used as-is: it does not need to be extracted before installing it in any CMSIS-Pack capable IDE.
The following example installation is done using IAR Embedded Workbench, but should be similar for other IDEs:
- Open the CMSIS-Pack Manager via Project -> CMSIS-Pack Manager
- Inside the CMSIS-Pack Manager, select CMSIS-Manager -> Import existing packs
- Import SEGGER.I-CUBE-embOS.1.2.0.pack (installs V1.2.0 of the pack, file name may differ for later versions)
This will extract the pack to your local IAR CMSIS-Pack repository and make it available in the IAR CMSIS-Manager as shown below:
After sucessfull installation, the embOS CMSIS-Pack can be used to generate example projects with embOS.
Here, a project for a generic Cortex-M3 is created, but the same steps should be applied when creating a project for any specific device.
Select the required components in the CMSIS Manager:
- embOS API configuration
- CMSIS-RTOS (allows usage of embOS native API and CMSIS-RTOS (v1) API)
- CMSIS-RTOS2 (allows usage of embOS native API and CMSIS-RTOS (v2) API)
- Native (allows usage of embOS native API only)
- embOS kernel configuration
- Debug and Profiling
- Debug and Trace
- Extreme Release
- Stack check
- Stack check and Profiling
- embOS API configuration
An optional embOS sample application may be added as well.
We recommend adding one of these to start with, for otherwise no main() will be included in the project and it will fail to build until that that main() routine is added manually:
- OS_Mutexes_CMSIS.c (may only be used when CMSIS-RTOS (v1) API was enabled)
- OS_Mutexes_CMSIS2.c (may only be used when CMSIS-RTOS (v2) API was enabled)
- OS_Start2Tasks_CMSIS.c (may only be used when CMSIS-RTOS (v1) API was enabled)
- OS_Start2Tasks_CMSIS2.c (may only be used when CMSIS-RTOS (v2) API was enabled)
For example, for a Debug and Profiling configuration using the native embOS API and the sample application OS_Start2Tasks.c, the components window would look as shown below:
Feel free to add further components as desired.
After saving the configuration and returning back to the IAR Embedded Workbench, the resulting project tree would resemble the following screenshot:
Compilation should complete without warning or errors and you can start debugging the sample application.
Feel free to modify it and add your own application to the project.
Linker Symbols with arm Keil µVision
When creating projects for arm Keil µVision, manual modification may be required to the used start-up file (e.g. startup_stm32f407xx.s):
If the linker cannot find Stack_Mem, an EXPORT directive for that symbol is missing in the start-up file. To resolve this, please add
to the start-up file.
Linker Symbols with GNU toolchains
When creating projects for GNU toolchains, manual modification may be required to the used linker file (e.g. STM32F407IGHX_FLASH.ld):
If the linker cannot find __stack_start__ and/or __stack_end__, these symbols are not defined in the linker file. To resolve this, please replace
. = . + _Min_Stack_Size;
__stack_start__ = .; . = . + _Min_Stack_Size; __stack_end__ = .;
in the linker file.